TOUT POUR ET PAR LE PEUPLE – EVERYTHING FOR AND BY THE PEOPLE
« Pour l’Honneur de la France, pour les intérêts sacrés de l’Humanité – For the Honour of France, for the sacred interests of Humanity »
(Napoléon le Grand, le 17 ventôse an VIII – Samedi 8 mars 1800 – Napoleon the Great, 17th of Ventôse Year VIII – Saturday 8th March 1800)
ON NAPOLEONIC IDEAS
NAPOLEON III, EMPEROR OF THE FRENCH
Translated from the French
by Paul-Napoléon Calland, President of the Bonapartist Movement, and published in French and English in honour of the two hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the birth of Napoleon the Great, on the Fifteenth of August, 2019.
Traduit du français par Paul-Napoléon Calland, Président du Mouvement Bonapartiste, et publié en français et en anglais en l’honneur du 250e anniversaire de Napoléon le Grand, le 15 août 2019.
WESTPHALIA & GERMANY
Southern Germany, emancipated from the yoke of the Germanic Empire, saw civilisation advance under the auspices of the Code Napoleon, and instead of being scattered into two hundred and eight-four States, she saw this number reduced to thirty one by the establishment of the Confederation of the Rhine (5).
Westphalia, another regenerative seed seated upon the river Elbe, composed of provinces subjected to all the abuses of feudalism, receives institutions which consecrate the equality of all the citizens before the law, suppresses all industrial privilege, all serfdom, whatever their forms. The introduction of the Civil Code, public trial by jury in criminal cases, are as many improvements we owe to the French regime. The fiefs are declared free properties, while the Crown remains the beneficiary if an owner dies without heirs. Preventative measures are adopted in order to avert litigation that might arise from the abolition of serfdom. The re-purchasing of feudal incomes and taxes is regulated by a law. All religions dispose of equal freedom, Judaism also has its consistory.
In Bavaria, King Maximilian Joseph gives, in 1808, a constitution which, while ensuring the liberties of the people, destroyed feudal privileges.
In the grand duchies of Baden and of Berg, as in the lands of Erfurt, Fulda, Hanau and Bayreuth, the Emperor’s influence causes the abolition, in 1808, of serfdom, the colonate, and the rights that were derived from them by the feudal lords. The serfs and peasant farmers recovered the full exercise of their civil rights and the rights of property.
Freedom of conscience did not exist in Saxony. The Emperor had it introduced in the constitution of this country in 1806.