TOUT POUR ET PAR LE PEUPLE – EVERYTHING FOR AND BY THE PEOPLE
« Pour l’Honneur de la France, pour les intérêts sacrés de l’Humanité – For the Honour of France, for the sacred interests of Humanity »
(Napoléon le Grand, le 17 ventôse an VIII – Samedi 8 mars 1800 – Napoleon the Great, 17th of Ventôse Year VIII – Saturday 8th March 1800)
ON NAPOLEONIC IDEAS
NAPOLEON III, EMPEROR OF THE FRENCH
Translated from the French
by Paul-Napoléon Calland, President of the Bonapartist Movement, and published in French and English in honour of the two hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the birth of Napoleon the Great, on the Fifteenth of August, 2019.
Traduit du français par Paul-Napoléon Calland, Président du Mouvement Bonapartiste, et publié en français et en anglais en l’honneur du 250e anniversaire de Napoléon le Grand, le 15 août 2019.
CHAPTER III : INTERNAL MATTERS / QUESTION INTÉRIEURE
ÉTABLISSEMENTS DE BIENFAISANCE
The improvement of the condition of the poorer classes was one of the first preoccupations of the Emperor. In a letter to the Minister of the Interior of the 2nd of November 1807, he said that he would consider doing away with medicity [begging] a great glory. He established workhouses (dépôts de mendicité); forty-two existed already in 1809. In order to find the most effectual means of relieving the misery of the people, he solicited the advice of all writers upon the subject. He founded the maternal institution, which was to have a council of administration in every great city of the Empire. The institution of the Sisters of Charity was re-established with all its former advantages, and without the abuses which had perverted its original intention. Six houses destined to receive the orphans of members of the Legion of Honour, to the number of 600, were established in 1810. The Hôtel des Invalides received in 1803 a new organisation, and several branches were established at different points. Napoleon created camps in the country for the veterans, where each person who was admitted received a rural tenement, a piece of land producing a net income equal to the amount of his retirement pension.
In 1807, the property which a decree of the Convention had alienated from the hospitals and hospices was restored to them.
Convicts of the criminal tribunals, and of the correctional police, had been promiscuously mingled in the prisons with the suspected and the accused. The government adopted the system of central prisons, exclusively for those who had been condemned to imprisonment for a year or longer.
The Emperor desired that everything in public worship should be free of charge, and for the people, that the burial of the poor person be carried out free of charge, and decently. “No one has the right”, he said, “to lay a tax upon the dead; the poor should not be deprived, because they are poor, of that which consoles them in their poverty”. He ordered that the churches be opened, without charge, to the public; and that if the church was hung with black for the funeral of a rich person, it should not be unhung until after the service for the pauper. It was his intention to reduce the price of tickets for the pit of the Théâtre-Français on Sundays to 1 franc, in order that the poorer classes might enjoy the masterpieces of our literature. In the address which he delivered, in 1807, to the Legislative Body, he said that in every part of his Empire, even in the smallest village, the prosperity of the citizens and the value of land would be soon increased by the effects of the general system of improvement that he had conceived.
The war prevented the complete realisation of such a grand project, and stopped the execution of a great number of other philanthropic improvements. Among them we cite the desire to put a stop to the disadvantages existing at the house of detention of the prefecture of police in Paris, where the most honest of people can be seen obliged to spend the night mixed with thieves and worse criminals.
HONNEUR ET PATRIE
J’AI EXCITÉ TOUTES LES ÉMULATIONS
RÉCOMPENSÉ TOUS LES MÉRITES ET
RECULÉ LES LIMITES DE LA GLOIRE
LEGION OF HONOUR
HONOUR AND COUNTRY
I HAVE ENCOURAGED ALL EMULATION
REWARDED ALL MERITS AND
EXTENDED THE LIMITS OF GLORY